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  Home::PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF PUNARNAVA (BOERHAVIA DIFFUSA) ROOTS - A COMPARATIVE ST
  PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF PUNARNAVA (BOERHAVIA DIFFUSA) ROOTS - A COMPARATIVE ST
   

Herbal drugs have placed their immense importance in the area of patient care and treatment. Amongst thousands of herbal drugs used, one medicinal herb is Punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa), which has been honoured by its acceptance throughout the world for its anti-inflammatory, diuretic and hepato-protective activity. Scientifically renowned as Boerhavia diffusa, this perennial creeping weed is found in the tropical, subtropical and temperate regions of the world. Possessing the characters of Nyctaginaceae family, this herb has been widely used in dyspepsia, jaundice, urinary disorders, abdominal tumours and cancers. In the present study, comparative studies of two samples of Punarnava roots (Herbal Garden and Market Sample) have been aimed as per API guidelines. Authentication of the samples was done by the botanist. The macroscopic characters were studied followed by the microscopic study of powdered samples. The various physico-chemical parameters were found to be 0.7% foreign matter, 14% total ash, acid insoluble ash, 4.8% alcohol soluble extractive, 7.2% water soluble extractive, 6.5% loss on drying, 6.70 pH in the market sample against 0% foreign matter, 13% total ash, acid insoluble ash, 8.8% alcohol soluble extractive, 9.6 % water soluble extractive, 7% loss on drying, 6.89 pH of the garden sample. Preliminary phytochemical assay determined the presence of alkaloids, steroids, saponins and amino acids. When the final characters and values were compared, the Herbal garden sample revealed better quality assurance.



Date: 17, Aug 2013 Posted By: admin
   
 
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