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  Home::AN UPDATED REVIEW OF Trichosanthes kirilowii MEDICINALLY IMPORTANT PLANT
  AN UPDATED REVIEW OF Trichosanthes kirilowii MEDICINALLY IMPORTANT PLANT
   

The Cucurbitaceae genus Trichosanthes consist of 90–100 species that are found in India to Japan and southeast to Australia. Most species of this family contains large, white or pale yellow petals with fringed margins. The study revels that monophyletic Trichosanthes might have Asian genera Gymnopetalum (four species, lacking long petal fringes) and Hodgsonia (two species with petals fringed). Cytotoxic activity has been reported against human renal cancer. The triterpenoids present in the plant have antitumor activity.    In traditional Chinese medicine it has been used to moisten lung dryness, resolve toxicity and expel pus cells. Fruits rind can help to cure diseases of the heart and lungs. The tuber of plant displayed extreme inhibition of HIV; enhance immunity, lowering blood pressure. In addition, Trichosanthes also has special green health care function. Therefore, in recent years, it is valued and demanded. Various new multiflorane triterpene esters have been isolated from seeds. Lignans were isolated which have strong cytotoxic effects against human lung carcinoma cells, melanoma cells and mouse skin melanoma cells.



Date: 13, Nov 2013 Posted By: admin
   
 
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